Gum Disease is an infection of the tissues that support the teeth .Its mainly caused by bacteria from the plaque build-up. If you have gum disease, your gums may bleed when you brush your teeth and you may have bad breath. This early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis.


If gingivitis isn't treated, a condition called periodontitis can develop. This affects more tissues that support teeth and hold them in place.


If periodontitis isn't treated, the bone in your jaw may be damaged and small spaces can open up between the gum and teeth. Your teeth can become loose and may eventually fall out.


What causes gum disease?

Gum disease is caused by a build-up of plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky substance that contains bacteria.


Some bacteria in plaque are harmless, but some are harmful for the health of your gums. If you don't remove plaque from your teeth by brushing them, it builds up and irritates your gums. This can lead to redness with bleeding, swelling and soreness.


Complications of gum disease:

If you have untreated gum disease that develops into periodontitis, it can lead to further complications, such as:

Gum abscesses (painful collections of pus)

Receding gums

Loose teeth

Loss of teeth

Increased risk of systemic diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes etc


Gum health is increasingly being linked to playing a larger role in systemic health, according to extensive and recent research. A significant body of research has associated periodontal disease with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and adverse pregnancy complications. Additionally, periodontal disease has been linked to other diseases, including respiratory disease, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic syndrome, erectile dysfunction, and cancer.

Consistent evidence shows that severe periodontitis adversely affects blood glucose levels in individuals with and without diabetes.Gum disease may increase your risk of all kinds of other health complications, including stroke, diabetes and heart disease. Gum disease has even been linked with problems in pregnancy and dementia.


Chief Executive of the British Dental Health Foundation, Dr Nigel Carter, explains: "The link between oral health and overall body health is well documented and backed by robust scientific evidence. Despite this, only one in six people realizes that people with gum disease may have an increased risk of stroke or diabetes. And only one in three is aware of the heart disease link."


Quick gum health Questionnaire: 

Have you got bad breath?

Does you gums bleed when brushing?

Have you got wobbly tooth?

Are small spaces opening up between your teeth and gums?

If you answer yes to one or more questions, chances are you may suffer from gum disease  and if you need to discuss any further about treatment options available please call our reception on 0131 6601315 to see Hygienist directly even if you are registered with dentist in another practice or not registered or book a consultation with our dentist



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